Historical Sites in Myanmar

Ananda Temple (Old Bagan)
Some places more than live up to the hype and the famous Ananda temple is one of them. In terms of architecture, this glowing masterpiece proudly holds the title as the most beautiful and best preserved in Bagan. It’s spires are covered in gold which glows in the sun. It is probably the most revered of the Bagan temples. It has four standing Buddha statues around the outside of the inner passage facing to the four points of the compass. Each of these statues are said to represent different parts of Buddha’s teachings. The base and the terraces are decorated with glazed tiles. Around the inner courtyard are also reliefs that are interesting. Standing up close, the Buddah statues in Ananda appear to scowl. The further you step back, the broader the smile becomes till it becomes a full grin showing a very clever piece of sculpturing. After the construction of the temple, King Kyanzittha executed the architects just to make the style of the temple so unique.
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Andaw Thein Temple

Andaw Thein Temple

is a temple in Mrauk U located at the northwest corner of the Shite-thaung Temple. The name means 'Tooth Shrine'. It contains a tooth relic of the Buddha coming from Sri Lanka. It was first built as an ordination hall between 1515 and 1521 by King Thazata, and restored by Min Bin between 1534 and 1542. It was later expanded into a temple by King Raza II in order to house a tooth relic of the Buddha he brought back from his pilgrimage to Ceylon, either in 1596 or 1606–1607.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites Religious Sites
Bagan Archaeological Museum

Bagan Archaeological Museum

It houses majority of the missing sculptures from the Bagan temples. Be prepared to see dozens of Buddhas and a myriad of other sculptures. Do bring a guide along as most of the descriptions are in Burmese. You will have to pay a small amount of entrance fee though.
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Bago

Bago

Bago, formerly known as Pegu, is just 80km (50 miles) north of Yangon; about an hour drive from Yangon. At about AD 825, two Prince brothers from Thaton came and set up this city of Bago. The Mons were the first settlers and today, Bago is well known as one of the richest archaeological sites in Myanmar.
Historical Sites People Tribes City & Town
Bandawagiri Lumbini Oo Yin Daw Gyi

Bandawagiri Lumbini Oo Yin Daw Gyi

Inside the Lumbini Garden at the foot of Mount Zwe-gabin, are the wonders of the 1080 Buddha Images.
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Bargaya Monastery
It is located inthe old city of Ava, or Inwa as it is now known. This ancient teak wood monastery is one of the highlights in Ava. Magnificent in its weather aged appearance and decorated with beautiful carvings, this is an ideal place to give your busy soul a peaceful rest
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Bawbawgyi Pagoda (Pyay)

Bawbawgyi Pagoda (Pyay)

Bawbawgyi Pagoda is one of the earliest Pagodas in the history of ancient edifices in Myanmar. Built in the early part of the Thayekhittaya Pyu period, approximately AD 5 th Century, this Pagoda is known to be the earliest in the region. No stone inscription of its history has not been excavated yet.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Beikthano City (Pyay)

Beikthano City (Pyay)

Beikthano or the ancient city of the Pyu people of Myanmar is chronologically known to have flourished during AD 1-5 th centuries, followed by Thayekhittaya (Srikeshtra) now called Hmawzar which lasted during AD 5-7 th centuries.
City & Town Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Bodhi Tahtaung Pagoda

Bodhi Tahtaung Pagoda

Bodhi Tahtaung Pagoda in Monywa has one thousand Bodhi Trees and each tree has a large Buddha Image underneath. It was established by Bodhi Tahtaung Sayadaw in 1960s. Po Khaung Taung, a range of hills, lies east of Bodhi Tahtaung Pagoda. The largest reclining Buddha image in the world which is 91 meters long is lying on that hill. This huge image has a hollow cave-like structure inside and you can walk from head to toes. Some of the important events in the life of the Buddha are displaying inside the image.
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Bulethi (Old Bagan)
t is a pagoda to witness Bagan awesome view at 360 degree scenery where you may have all the famous temples at a glance. I really love this pagoda for my first experience at Bagan. Attraction Tip: It is advisable to go during daytime before night as the stairs are very steep and there is no handrail. At the top there are limited space and also no fencing to avoid free fall from the top. It is not advisable for kids, senior citizen and people with weak heart. Please be extra careful when climbing and visiting Bulethi.
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Chinese Monastery

Chinese Monastery

This Monastery, built in 1999, is situated around 2km from the border of Myanmar and Thailand. The Chinese Monastery is the largest and the most beautiful in Tachileik.
Chinese Temple Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks Religious Sites
Colonial Buildings in Kalaw

Colonial Buildings in Kalaw

Kalaw is one of the hill stations during the British’s colonial time. Many colonial buildings such as houses, hospital, golf course, tennis ground, Anglican Church can be seen around Kalaw.
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Customs House

Customs House

This is probably one of the well-preserved British colonial buildings in Yangon. The Customs House is located along the Strand Road where most colonial buildings stand today as colonial heritage sites.
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Dhammayangyi Temple (Old Bagan)
Famous for the largest of them all?, Dhammayangyi Temple is one of the most popular tourist places in Bagan with imposing structure from the outside, and its even more majestic and imposing hallways inside. Long, narrow corridors with an extremely high ceiling will make you feel surreal as if you were in one of the Hollywood films. But this temple has a very dark and grim history. It is built by the sadistic King Narathu who killed his own father, brother, and his queen. Legends say building of this temple was so demanding. The tyrant king mandated the mortar less brickwork fit together so tightly so that even a pin couldn?t pass between any two bricks. If a pin could penetrate in between the bricks, then the slaves were killed assumed as they lack of efficient work. Locals believe that the temple is haunted with the sin of those killings.
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Dipakaya Temple

Dipakaya Temple

This temple was built in 1892. It is made up of nine roofs decorated with old Mon-Myanmar architecture handiwork. Moreover, it has two interesting standing Buddha images. These images are made with each log.
Historical Sites Others Religious Sites
Dukkanthein Pagoda

Dukkanthein Pagoda

Dukkanthein, also called Htukanthein or Htoekanthein, stands on a hill which is about 30ft (9m) in height. Its structure is like a flat surface in the form of a drum. King Minphalaung built this pagoda in 1571 AD.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
First Baptist Church or Judson Church

First Baptist Church or Judson Church

This Church was founded by Reverend Adoniram Judson, an American Baptist missionary, who translated the Bible into Myanmar (Burmese) compiled English - Myanmar dictionary.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Gawdawpalin Temple (Old Bagan)
Famous for the temple of forgiveness?, Gawdawpalin was built in 1175 by King Narapatisithu. History says that the King has committed a terrible crime against his ancestors and as punishment went blind until he came to give his regards and his forebears made, paid obeisance in atonement for his misdemeanor. Gawdawpalin is counted as one of the largest shrines of Bagan. The temple is a double-storeyed temple in the late style. It is square in plan, with porticoes on all four sides, but with the eastern portico projecting further than the others. In the ground storey, a vaulted corridor runs around a central block against whose four sides are placed images of the Buddha.
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Grottes de Po Win Daung

Grottes de Po Win Daung

Po Win Daung's sandstone caves are filled with Buddha statues in various styles, most of them are in Innwa (Ava) style, and lots of murals. It is accessible from Monywa either by direct road over the new bridge or by a ferry across the Chindwin and then taking a jeep at the scenic Nyaungbin village.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Gubyaukgyi Temple (Old Bagan)

Gubyaukgyi Temple (Old Bagan)

This 13th Centry temple is built in Indian style with its spires and has some of the best preserved frescoes all arund the walls and ceilings of the same period. It is wonderful to see the Indian style figurines on the walls . With a flashlight you can see the frescoes rather well. The stucco work on the exterior walls is in very good condition making this temple a must to see when in Bagan
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Hanlin City (Shwe Bo)

Hanlin City (Shwe Bo)

One of the significant Pyu sites is Hanlin (or Hanlingyi- Great Hanlin), which lies about 11 miles (18km) south-east of Shwe Bo in Upper Myanmar. It is accessible by road from Shwe Bo crossing the Moksogyon railway-station on the Mandalay-Shwe Bo line. There is a group of villages with a number of smaller Pagodas, built to the south of the old fortified city. This locality is noted for its hot saline springs.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Hlay Khwin Taung Pagoda

Hlay Khwin Taung Pagoda

Located in Pyinmana, near the Paung Laung Dam, the Pagoda is one of the historical sites in this region. Just 30 minutes drive from Nay Pyi Taw, the capital city and on both sides of the straight road to the Pagoda in Hlay Khwin Taung, are the many teak trees and paddy fields. Although the Pagoda is on a 700 meter high hillock, the stairways are easy climbs up for the travelers.
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Hmya Tha Umin Temple

Hmya Tha Umin Temple

These twin cave-temples are about half a mile southeast of Nyaung Oo and are subterranean passages which were used as monasteries of the Buddhist monks in the almost torrid climate of Bagan.
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Hnet Htat Sintu Temple

Hnet Htat Sintu Temple

Hnet Htat Sintu Temple meaning “encased images”, is a double storey zedi with twin Buddha Images on the top.
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Ho Nam Monastery

Ho Nam Monastery

Ho Nam monastery is situated on the way to Tarlay Lang Tong Buddha Image and you can pay homage to the relics of Buddha and very big Buddha Image.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Ho Pone

Ho Pone

Ho Pone is believed to be an ancient town and the residents are mainly Shan and Pa-O. It is located 12 miles (19km) away from Taunggyi on the way to Hten San Cave. The most famous religious site is the Shwechanthar Pagoda and Ho Pone pond is also a beautiful spot.
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Hsinbyume or Myatheindan Pagoda

Hsinbyume or Myatheindan Pagoda

Three years before King Bagyidaw succeeded to the throne, he built this Pagoda in 1816, in memory of his senior wife the sinbyume Princess. As a representation of the Sulamani Pagoda and in accordance to the Buddhist cosmology, the Pagoda stands atop Mount Meru.
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Htam Pagoda

Htam Pagoda

20km far from Taunggyi, located at Hti Han village, and on the way to Kakku Pagoda. There are about 200 pagodas which dated to 17th Century AD and inside are the Buddha images of several sizes.
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Htilominlo Pahto (Myin Kabar)

Htilominlo Pahto (Myin Kabar)

This large temple was built by King Nantaungmya in 1218. Situated close to the road between Nyaung U and Bagan. The name is a misreading of the Pali word for 'Blessings of the Three Worlds'. Nantaungmya erected the temple on this spot because it was here that he was chosen, from among five brothers, to be the crown prince. The legendary saying is that, the five princes were standing in a circle and the white umbrella in the middle. The white umbrella would bend to the prince to become king and he was chosen. Inside the 46-metre-high temple, which is similar in design to Sulamani Pahto, there are four Buddhas on the lower and upper floors. Traces of old murals are also still visible. Fragments of the original fine plaster carvings and glazed sandstone decorations have survived on the outside. The doorways feature nice carved reliefs.
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Inland Water Transport Building

Inland Water Transport Building

This building is one of the colonial buildings situated in downtown Yangon. IWT manages passenger cruises and cargo ships along the rivers in Myanmar.
Historical Sites
Jom Kham Monastery

Jom Kham Monastery

It is one of the old monasteries situated in Kyaing Tong. You can see many ancient Buddha images inside the monastery.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Jom Kham Pagoda

Jom Kham Pagoda

Jom Kham or Jom Taung Pagoda is situated in Kyaing Tong. It was built over 1100 years ago. Sacred hair relic of Lord Buddha is enshrined in it.
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Kakku Pagodas

Kakku Pagodas

Kakku Pagodas are Asia's largest and most spectacular wonders. The Pagoda complex has over 2,400 stupas with origins dating back many centuries. Kakku is about 33 miles (53km) from Taunggyi, Shan State.
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Kalyarni Sima

Kalyarni Sima

Sima or Ordination Halls are the essential buildings for the Buddhist Order. This Kalyarni Sima was built by King Dhammazeddi during 15th Century. The remarkable fact is that it was erected in the form of Kalyarni Sima of Sri-Lanka and 10 lithic inscriptions of its vicinity recount, a detailed linkage of Myanmar and Sri-Lanka in religious affairs.
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Kanbawza Thadi Palace

Kanbawza Thadi Palace

Kanbawza Thadi, the famous palace of King Bayinnaung (1551-1581 AD) is being extensively excavated and some buildings are being rebuilt. King Bayinnaung was the founder of the Second Myanmar Empire, which stretched from the borders of India to parts of Thailand and Laos. In 1566 AD, the King built a new capital city called Hanthawadi on what is now Bago.
Museum Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Khaw Nute Monastery & Temple Arch
This monastery was built in 1885. It is situated in Khaw Nute village. It is two-storey monastery built with six extraordinary parts. There are Temple of U Nar Aunt, Great Ordination Hall and Dipakaya Temple inside the fence of a monastery.
Sightseeing Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Kheng Hock Keong Chinese Temple

Kheng Hock Keong Chinese Temple

Located on the corner of Sintodan Street and Strand Road in Latha Township, Yangon, Myanmar, is the largest and oldest Chinese Buddhist and Taoist temple dedicated to the Chinese goddess Mazu. It was originally built as a wooden temple in 1861 and completed in 1863. A new brick building was constructed in 1903.
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Koe Thaung Temple

Koe Thaung Temple

is the largest temple in Mrauk U, Myanmar. The name means "Temple of 90,000 Buddha Images". The temple was built between 1554 and 1556 by King Dikkha.
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Koethaung Pagoda

Koethaung Pagoda

Koethaung means 90,000 and significantly named for the number of Buddha Image. To the north of the Pisei Hill at a distance of 400 yards is the Koethaung Pagoda. The King Mintaikkha who was the son of the King Minbin, the donor of the great Shitthaung Pagoda, built this Pagoda in AD 1553.
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Kuthodaw Paya
It's known for being home to the world?s largest book and the entire script of Tripitaka Theravada, the most sacrosanct script in Buddhism. Kuthodaw Paya was built during the late 1800?s by King Mingon and is a location situated at the bottom of the Mandalay Hill. The whole compound is covered with white pagodas, star-flower trees and their Jasmine-like fragrance. In the cool shade under these trees, the sight of children picking the flowers to make star flower chains for the Buddha or to wear in their hair is a truly peaceful and beautiful.
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Kyansittha Umin

Kyansittha Umin

This is a cave complex, located near Shwezigone Pagoda in Bagan. The murals from the 13 th Century, depicting the armies of Kublai Khan that invaded in 1278 and also the mural of musicians and dancers drawn with lines are the main attractions.
Cave Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Kyauktalon Taung and Yadana Taung, Mudon
Mudon is the first major town south of Mawlamyine on the way to Thanbyuzayat, Kyaikkami and Setse Beach. Most travellers from Mawlamyine to these destinations would bypass Mudon altogether, preferring to stop 5 km earlier at Kyauktalon Taung and Yadana Taung, whilst visiting Win Sein Taw Ya, the largest reclining Buddha image in the world. Here you will find monkeys and more monkeys. Those are quite similar to their cousins in Ubud, Bali of Indonesia. But beware as the monkeys here are often hungry and if they sense that you have food on you, they will steal it from you. Kyauktalon Taung is an interesting flat rock formation 300 feet in height with a Buddhist shrine situated on top. Although reminding you of Mt. Popa in central Myanmar, the outcrop is geologically different being made of limestone rather than volcanic rock. Access to the shrine at top appears requires you to climb steep steps. Just opposite Kyauktalon Taung is Yadana Taung and the entrance to a Hindu temple where literally hundreds of monkeys roam about freely. Kyauktalon Taung with a Buddhist temple and Yadana Taung with a hindu temple clearly demonstrate the racial harmony in the region.
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Latsaykan Gate

Latsaykan Gate

Latsaykan Gate was built of sandstone with the use of keystone archway construction technique. Sandstones were carved into the required shapes and cemented. Among the many gates in Mrauk U, only Minthamee, Shinphyudaw, Kyakhet, Latsaykan and Mauktaw gates remain in good condition.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Laung Bwan Pyauk Pagoda

Laung Bwan Pyauk Pagoda

The Laung Bwan Pyauk Pagoda, built by Minkhaungraza in AD 1525 stands at a distance of 500ft (152m) from the Mokseiktaw.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Lawka Man Aung Wish Granting Pagoda

Lawka Man Aung Wish Granting Pagoda

It is the most ancient Pagoda in Myitkyina, Kachin State, built by King Alaung Sithu who enshrined Buddha’s relics which he got, while on tour of the country, north of Thayagon village on the west bank of Ayeyarwaddy, south of Namhsan Creek.
Historical Sites Religious Sites
Lawkachanthar Temple

Lawkachanthar Temple

Located 1km east of Ananda Temple. Lawkachanthar means “Prosperity of the world”. The donor of this temple is still unknown and it is well known destination for sunset viewing and the existence of 11th century-style Buddha Image.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Lawkahteikpan Temple

Lawkahteikpan Temple

Lawkahteikpan means “the adorned tip of the world”. It is a smaller temple close to the large Shwesandaw Pagoda and built by King Alaungsithu, the successor of King Kyanzittha
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Lawkananda Pagoda

Lawkananda Pagoda

Lawkananda pagoda was built by King Anawrahta during his reign in 1059. The Buddha’s tooth relic is enshrined in this Pagoda which is erected on the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River.
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Laymyethnar Pagoda

Laymyethnar Pagoda

About a distance of 150ft (46m) to the northwest of the Dukkhanthein Pagoda is the Laymyethnar Pagoda or “the Four-faced pagoda”. King Minsawmon, the first king of Mrauk-U Dynasty, built it in 1430 AD.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Loi Mwe Village

Loi Mwe Village

It takes about one and half hour drive from Kyaing Tong. The hill top place is filled with peaceful surroundings and you can have a look at old British Colonial Governor’s Houses and old churches. You can also see many hillside cultivations surrounding Loi Mwe village.
Historical Sites People Tribes Sightseeing
Loimwe

Loimwe

Loimwe, 38 km from Kyaing Tong, used to be the headquarters of the British District Commissioner during the colonial period. This 'hill station' features a number of old colonial buildings and a century-old Catholic church. The main attraction is the scenery on the ascent to Loimwe, as you pass through forests, terraced rice fields and past a lake.
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Maha Ant-htoo-kan-thar Pagoda

Maha Ant-htoo-kan-thar Pagoda

The building of this Pagoda has a history of its own. The reason was that three marble Buddha Images sculpted in Mandalay were being transported to their planned destination in China. On this journey, one of the Buddha statues fell from the lorry and could not be reloaded due to its weight. After many attempts, this Image was left behind and the other two were taken on their way. At this place, a Pagoda was built for the travelers to pay homage.
Historical Sites Religious Sites
Maha Pasana Cave

Maha Pasana Cave

Maha Pasana Cave is a huge man-made cave, 455ft (139m) in length, 375ft (114m) wide. The Sixth Buddhist Synod was held in this cave which coincided with the 2500 thAnniversary of Buddha’s Enlightenment.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites Religious Sites
Mahakuthala Kyaung Daw Gyi Buddhist Museum

Mahakuthala Kyaung Daw Gyi Buddhist Museum

This museum was opened in 1996 with the articles of the ancient cultural heritage collected by Reverend Pandita, the presiding monk or abbot of Maha Kuthala Monastery in Sittwe. It is a unique museum which has a mix of colonial era and Buddhist artifacts. The museum is in a colonial mansion that is itself well worth a visit.
Historical Sites Museum
Mahamuni Paya (Paya Gyi)
“Maha” means large, “muni” sitting and “Paya” means pagoda. Mahamuni Paya is one of those incredible sites that you absolutely have to witness in your lifetime, and is very revered by pilgrims around all Myanmar and other parts of Southeast Asia. Everyday, this age old ritual occurs between 4.30 and 5.00 am, and is a spiritual and religious ceremony that partakes of washing of the Buddha’s face. The site is beyond magical and magnificient. Mahamuni pagoda is the most important of all the religious places in Mandalay. It is not a pagoda but an image of the Lord Buddha, believed to have been cast in the Buddha’s lifetime in the very presence of the Buddha according to the tradition. The thickness of gold clad on the Buddha face from people applying golden leaf on it is just truly unbelievable if you think of how poor the country is. Unlike most pagodas in Myanmar, men (only) can get close and touch the Buddha. There is also a museum in the complex and a small building that contains five bronze Khmer statues taken from Angkor Wat.
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Makhaya Old Capital

Makhaya Old Capital

Situated in Mandalay Region, before you reach to Sintkaing Township, there is a junction to go to the old capital. Shwezigon Pagoda, old palace wall and ancient pagodas and temples can be seen.
Historical Sites Religious Sites
Mandalay Hill
Mandalay Hill is the famous hillside just outside of Mandalay itself. The hill itself isn’t very tall, but being the only peak in miles definitely commands a magnificent view of the city and surrounding countryside. And it’s also an escape route to beat the unbearable heat of Manadalay’s summer. An early morning is the best time to visit so that you can avoid the heat and the influx of tourists. There are several ways to ascend the hill, depending on how fit you are. You can climb up from the South side or alternatively, you can get a taxi about halfway up on a road that leads from the West. In truth, it’s not too difficult a climb and there are plenty of places to stop and sit along the way. Take note that you will need to remove your shoes while climbing to the top of the hill from the check point where your transporting car stops. No entrance fee is required but a small amount of camera fee is expected. Mandalay Hill was bombed extensively by Allied aircraft during WWII, as the Japanese were encamped there, and it’s still possible to see the shrapnel holes in the temple at the summit.
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Mandalay Palace Complex / Fort Dufferin
This symbolic royal palace is one of the main reasons why many tourists travel to Mandalay despite its scantling heat. It’s a golden city within a city. The palace wall is hard to miss if you are in Mandalay, and surrounded by a huge moat. “The Glass Palace” by Amitav Ghosh, truthfully describes what had happened here at this last royal palace of the Burmese monarchy; British soldiers storming in with their guns, looting and burning this palace, forcing the last King Thibaw and Queen into exile in India after winning the 3rd Anglo-Burmese War. It’s hard to believe this magnificent palace lasted merely 30 years after being first built by King Mindon (Thibaw’s father). British then turned the palace compound into Fort Dufferin, named after the then- viceroy of India. Much of the palace compound was tragically destroyed during WWII by allied bombing. A near-exact replica of the palace was rebuilt in the 1990s. It costs US$ 10 to get into this castle to have a look.
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Mangala Man Aung (Mungalamanaung) Pagoda

Mangala Man Aung (Mungalamanaung) Pagoda

Mungalamanaung Pagoda is known to be one of the five most revered “Mann” paya of Mrauk U. It is a solid conical pagoda situated in north of the Mungala Gate built by King Oggabala in 1685.
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Manuha Temple (Myinkaba)
The temple has a very unique structure, and an even more intriguing history. The name “Manuha” was given after the captive Mon king from Thaton. The Buddha statues all seem too large for their enclosures, and their cramped, uncomfortable positions are said to represent the stress and lack of comfort the ‘captive king’ had to endure. It is said that only the reclining Buddha, in the act of entering nibbana, has a smile on its face, showing that for Manuha only death was a release from his suffering. This is one of the first places that Aung San Suu Kyi visited when she was released from the house-arrest.
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Mingun Bell

Mingun Bell

King Bodawpaya dedicated a big bronze bell near the Mingun Cedi (Pagoda) at Mingun on the west bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River, facing Mandalay. The bell is unique for its weight of 55555 viss, claiming the title of being the world’s biggest ringing bell.
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Mrauk U

Mrauk U

Mrauk U is the famous capital city of Rakhine and its civilization flourished from 1430 to 1785. Mrauk U, an archaeologically important town lies roughly 11 km east of the Kaladan River on the banks of its minor tributaries. The town is located on a small outcrop of the Rakhine Yoma on the eastern side of the Kaladan's alluvial plain. Thus, the surrounding countryside is hilly yet also contains a great deal of marshes, mangroves and lakes.
City & Town Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Musmeah Yeshua Synagogue

Musmeah Yeshua Synagogue

Yes. You are reading it right. Judaism in the midst of downtown Yangon. It is just fascinating to find a synagogue in the midst of the Indian/Chinese part of Yangon. Dating from 1896, this is the only Jewish temple remaining in the city.
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Mway Taw Kat Ku Pagoda

Mway Taw Kat Ku Pagoda

Kakku Pagoda is thought to have been built in the 16th century but was only recently uncovered after being hidden for centuries in the wooded hills south of the town of Taunggyi. The pagoda consists of about one square kilometer of land crammed with more than 2000 stupas. It can be reached via Taunggyi or during dry season, you can make a trekking tour directly over the mountains from Inle Lake.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Mya Tha Lun Pagoda

Mya Tha Lun Pagoda

Steaming into Magway, the riverine traveller is greeted by the sight of the Mya Tha Lun Pagoda glinting serenely from the summit of the Naguttama hillock by the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River.
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Myauk Guni Temple

Myauk Guni Temple

Myauk Guni Temple was built by the Queen Pwasaw during the reign of King Narathihapate or the Tayoke Pye Min. A stone inscription was found inside the temple describing about the donation of the temple, land and slaves by the Queen. Also there were curses to whoever destroys the temple.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Myazedi Pagoda

Myazedi Pagoda

The gilded Myazedi Pagoda or ‘Emerald Stupa’ stands near Myingaba village. A four-sided pillar in a cage between the two monuments bears an inscription consecrating Gubyaukgyi and written in four languages - Pyu, Mon, Old Myanmar and Pali. The inscription was about the Prince Raja Kumara’s feelings towards his father, King Kyansittha, and the choice of the heir to the throne.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Myinkaba Pagoda

Myinkaba Pagoda

This Pagoda stands close to the western side of the Mya Zedi Pagoda near Myinkaba village. It is early prototype of Bagan era. It was built in AD 1113 by Prince Raja Kumara.
Historical Sites
Myoe Daunt Monastery

Myoe Daunt Monastery

The main monastery building with an east-west orientation, is approximately 130ft (40m) x 115ft (35m). Most of its significant elements are from the pre-colonial Kone Baung period; some of the rooms were rebuilt.
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Nandamannya Pagoda

Nandamannya Pagoda

Nandamannya Pagoda was built in the mid-13th Century. It is a single-chambered temple, has very fine frescoes and a ruined, seated Buddha image. The murals’ similarity with those at Payathonzu has led some art historians to suggest they were painted by the same hand.
Historical Sites
Nanpaya Temple

Nanpaya Temple

Nanpaya Temple was built in the 12th Century. This attractive pagoda is a combination of sandstone and brick, particularly noteworthy is the elegant perforated stone windows. The four primary stone pillars in the central sanctuary illustrate the Hindu god Brahma. It was built by King Narapatti Sithu’s son- in-law, Naga Thaman.
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Nathlaung Kyaung (Shrine)

Nathlaung Kyaung (Shrine)

Nathlaung Kyaung means ‘Shrine Confining Nats or Spirits’, a reference to a purported time when King Anawrahta tried to banish Nat worship in Bagan. He is said to have confiscated all non-Buddhist religious images including indigenous Myanmar nats and Hindu devas.
Historical Sites
Ngakywenadaung Pagoda

Ngakywenadaung Pagoda

The cylindrical body of this stupa placed on a high circular basement, bulges near the top and assumes a bulbous shape. The present height is 43ft (13m). Though it cannot be precisely dated the stupa seems to belong to early 12 th Century AD.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Ngarmyethnar Temple

Ngarmyethnar Temple

Ngarmyethnar Temple means “the temple with five faces”. In Bagan, many temples have four faces and place four Buddha Images inside. This represents the four Buddhas: Kakusandra, Gaunagamana, Kassapa and Gotama. But there are also some temples with five entrances, which represents a place for the next Buddha to be, known as the “Arimadara”.
Historical Sites Religious Sites
Nwar Pya Gu Temple

Nwar Pya Gu Temple

Nwar Pya Gu Temple is a two-storey building. The lower level has two halls, the outer one is seen as soon as entered into the building, the inner hall consists of four sitting Buddha Images facing North, East, South and West. Most of the stuccos are still in a good condition. On the inside wall, the temples are also decorated with mural paintings.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Nyaunggan City

Nyaunggan City

Nyaunggan is located in Budalin Township, Monywa District, Sagaing Region. A cemetery, near Nyaunggan Village, was excavated in 1998 and 1999. The excavation involved five pits. Most of the skeletons with bones in site were extended and supine primary burials, although there was one secondary burial, consisting of a skull in a large pot.
City & Town People Tribes Historical Sites
Old Clock Tower

Old Clock Tower

The old steel clock tower is located in Sittwe, the capital city of Rakhine State, erected by the Dutch in the 18th Century.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Pahtodawgyi Pagoda

Pahtodawgyi Pagoda

Pahtodawgyi Pagoda lies in the north of Taungthaman Lake at Amarapura, south of Mandalay with Buddha relics by King Bagyidaw. It is the best preserved pagoda among the numerous religious buildings around Amarapura.
Historical Sites Religious Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Pahtothamya Temple

Pahtothamya Temple

Pahtothamya Temple is popularly held to be one of five temples built by the non-historical King Taungthugyi (931-964) referred to history. But some of the archaeologists also mark that it was built by King Sawlu by the references of the wall paintings which dates back only to the 11th century.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Palace Ruins

Palace Ruins

Although there are little remains of the old Amarapura palace, you can still find two masonry buildings - the treasury building and the old watchtower. King Bagyidaw and King Bodawpaya were both buried here and their tombs also remain. The corner pagodas still stand at the four corners of the once square city.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Pawdawmu Sutaung Pyae Pagoda

Pawdawmu Sutaung Pyae Pagoda

It is a small pagoda without terraces, situated in Nyaung Oo and built in 11th century. This cave is used to meditate by Shin Arahan (Holy Monk). It was discovered by Professor Schobell.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Paya Htaung Pagoda (Pyay)

Paya Htaung Pagoda (Pyay)

Paya Htaung Pagoda is one of the pagodas built in Thayekhittaya Pyu Period. The pagoda stands on a Kala Kyaung house like some pagodas in Bagan. Each side of the house is measures 38 feet (12m) in length and 8 feet (2m) in height.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Payagyi Pagoda

Payagyi Pagoda

It is located just outside the city-wall to the north-west of Therakhittra ancient city, datable to the later phase of 6-7 centuries AD, as the oldest stupa of the vincinity. It is a cylindrical shape.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Payamar Pagoda (Pyay)

Payamar Pagoda (Pyay)

Payamar Pagoda known as Therinemar Pagoda was one of the nine Pyu Pagodas built by King Duttabung. It is an earliest type pagoda of 5th century AD in Myanmar.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Pebingyaung Pagoda

Pebingyaung Pagoda

This small pagoda is essentially a Sinhalese type with a large bell-shaped dome surmounted by a square-based relic chamber which, in its turn, is crowned by a conical stupa. The dome rests on very low terraces, the whole structure assuming a form simpler than the Sapada. It may be ascribed to the 12th century AD.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Petleik East & West Pagoda

Petleik East & West Pagoda

They were built as a buddha Zataka unglazed terracotta plaques museum. Scholars suppose that they were built probably in AD 1060. Nearly 195 plaques can be observed.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Phaya Ouk Temple

Phaya Ouk Temple

This temple stands to the east of Lower Nibbuza. Only the plinth of the temple is left now. 12ft 5ins (about 4m) high stone image is kept in the perfumed chamber. It was built by King Min Phalaung in 1571.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Phayathonzu Temple

Phayathonzu Temple

Phayathonzu means “three pagodas” which is a complex of three interconnected shrines. The walls, pilasters and vaulted ceilings of the eastern temple and part of the central temple are covered with paintings, those of the western temple are entirely bare. This monument has been built during the 13th century.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Pho Kyar Elephant Camp (Taungoo)

Pho Kyar Elephant Camp (Taungoo)

Pho Kyar Forest Resort is located in Yedashe Township. It is 10 miles 2 furlong (about 16km) from Thargara, in the area of Swa forest reserved area, on the bank of Thaing creek. The resort has 20 acres in area, which is larger than Myaing Hay Wun Elephant Camp in Taikkyi Township, Yangon Region.
Nature Reserve Sightseeing Ecotoursim Historical Sites Activities Adventure
Pitakataik (Khraung Kaik)

Pitakataik (Khraung Kaik)

Pitakataik which lies north of Htupayon Pagoda and south of Shinkite wall, was built by King Min Phalaung. It was square in plan with an entrance passage to the east like others pagoda in Mrauk U. Built entirely with stone, the outer walls are decorated with ornate floral and geometric design.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Pitakataik (Library)

Pitakataik (Library)

This Pitakataik or Library is supposed to be the library which King Anawrahta (1044 -1077) built to house the thirty sets of the Tipitaka which he brought back from Thaton on the 32 white elephants of Manuha, the deposed king. The Library is square in plan, measuring 51 feet (16m) on each side, and is arranged much like a temple, with central cell surrounded by a processional corridor.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Planetarium

Planetarium

Planetarium is located on Yangon-Mandalay Highway, near the Zoological Garden (Nay Pyi Taw) between Nay Pyi Taw-Pyinmana and Nay Pyi Taw-Tatkon. It overlooks a natural beauty of the surrounding area. The exhibition of planets, moon, earth and wonders of the universe can be seen.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks Activities
Pwe Kauk Waterfall

Pwe Kauk Waterfall

Pwe Kauk Waterfall is located about 8km from Pyin Oo Lwin. It is also called Hampshire Falls in British times. It’s a very pleasant picnic spot.
Sightseeing Historical Sites Waterfall
Pyadalin Cave

Pyadalin Cave

Pyadalin prehistoric cave is situated on the western slope of Shan State, Ywangan township, Pindaya district, Southern Shan State. This cave was firstly discovered in 1960. The rock paintings are seen in the cave.
Cave Sightseeing Historical Sites
Pyathadar (Pyathatgyi) Temple

Pyathadar (Pyathatgyi) Temple

Pyathadar Temple is a double-cave type monument. Most of these kinds of monasteries were built out of wood. But some were built out of bricks and testify to the power of these monasteries.The architectural design explains the expansion of vaults and broad corridors which made it possible to pass from one building to the other.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Pyay

Pyay

Pyay was formerly known as Prome where ruins of Sri Ksetra, the capital of the Pyu dynasty of Vikrama can be found. The city was circular with walls enclosing an around of 46 km2 (18 sq mi), making it the largest walled city in Southeast Asia during its peak. The city contained both housing and also farms, as evident from the remains of water ways and tanks which have been discovered. T Pyay is an important commercial center for trade between the Ayeyarwaddy Delta, Central and Upper Myanmar and the Rakhine (Arakan) State. Pyay is only 161km north of Yangon and it can be easily accessible by car along a well-maintained highway.
Historical Sites City & Town Traveler Choice People Tribes
Pyi Taw Aye Pagoda

Pyi Taw Aye Pagoda

At the top of the hill overlooking the harbour is the Pyi Taw Aye Pagoda, unlike many other Myanmar temples, you can walk inside and under the main stupa. It was originally built in 1949 to a height of only 16.5ft (5m), and later raised to its current structure of 70ft (21m).
Historical Sites Religious Sites Sightseeing
Pyin Oo Lwin

Pyin Oo Lwin

Pyin Oo Lwin is located over 1000 metres above sealevel. It is a popular hill station about 69km away from Mandalay (3 hours drive). It became the summer capital for the British colonial administration, it held its role until the end of the British rule in 1948.
City & Town Ecotoursim Heritages & Landmarks Traveler Choice Historical Sites Nature Reserve Religious Sites Sightseeing
Ratana-pon

Ratana-pon

is a solid stupa in Mrauk U, Rakhine State, Western Myanmar. The pagoda is located at the northwest corner of the Shite-thaung Temple. The name means 'Pile of Jewels'. According to local legends, it is said to have jewels and images enshrined in the central stupa but none have ever been found. It was built in 1612 by King Min Khammoung and his wife.
Heritages & Landmarks Religious Sites Historical Sites
Sagaing

Sagaing

Sagaing is the capital city of Sagaing Region in Myanmar. It is located 20km to the southwest of Mandalay across the River Ayeyarwaddy. Sagaing is well known for Buddhist monuments such as monastic centres, numerous pagodas etc.
City & Town Historical Sites Traveler Choice
Sagaing Hill

Sagaing Hill

Once you cross the Inwa Bridge. you see the hilltops. each crested with a pagoda. the banners proclaiming the Buddha's teaching. the refuge from all ills and tribulations where over 600 monasteries for monks and nuns are located for Buddhist studies and meditation. The Padamyazedi dates from 1300 while the U min Thonze or thirty caves pagoda has many Buddha images in a crescent shaped colonnade. Mural paintings can be seen in the Tilawkaguru cave temple. which was built around 1672. At the nearby village of Ywahtaung you can see silver workers producing bowls and other silver items by traditional methods. The most impressive Soon Oo Pon Nya Shin Pagoda nearby was constructed in 1312. The view of Sagaing from Soon Oo Pon Nya Shin and its approach is marvelous
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Saint Mary's Cathedral

Saint Mary's Cathedral

Saint Mary's Cathedral really stands out among so many Buddhist temples and pagodas in Myanmar. This Roman Catholic church with amazing architectural features is definitely worth a look. Masses of stained glass all replaced after the last cyclone.
Traveler Choice Church Historical Sites Religious Sites City & Town
Sakkyar Man Aung Pagoda

Sakkyar Man Aung Pagoda

Sakkyar Man Aung Pagoda is located on the east side of Mrauk U. This pagoda is known to be one of the five most revered “Mann” paya of Mrauk U. King Sri Suddhamma Raja built the Sakkyar Man Aung Pagoda in AD 1629. It is located in the south of Yadanar Man Aung Pagoda.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Sanda Muni Paya
The Sandamuni Pagoda is located to the southeast of Mandalay Hill and bears a resemblance to the nearby Kuthodaw pagoda because of the large number of slender whitewashed ancillary stupas on the grounds. The Sanda Muni Paya also features 1774 marble slabs which include the commentaries and sub-commentaries on the Tipitaka, the Three Baskets of Buddha’s teachings. It is very similar to Kuthodaw pagoda but they are much closer to each other and I liked this pagoda more.
Religious Sites Sightseeing Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Sandalwood Kyaung Dawyar Pagoda

Sandalwood Kyaung Dawyar Pagoda

It is located in Pwintbyu Township, Minbu District, Magway Region. It was said that Buddha and five hundred Arahatas in Sasana Sakarit 124 (610 BC) come to Sandalwood Monastery to preach Dhamma to the disciples. In Sakarit 485 (Sasana Sakarit 1640) King Alaung Sithu came up on the place while on tour of the nation. He built the Sandalwood Pagoda at the Sandalwood Monastery site.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Sandamuni Pagoda

Sandamuni Pagoda

The Sandamuni Pagoda is located to the southeast of Mandalay Hill and bears a resemblance to the nearby Kuthodaw pagoda because of the large number of slender whitewashed ancillary stupas on the grounds.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Sapada Pagoda

Sapada Pagoda

Sapada Pagoda stands in a triangle plot at the junction of the roads leading to Nyaung Oo. Sapada Pagoda is locally known as “Paya Ni”. The two pagodas were modeled on the design of Stupa Rama Pagoda in Anuraddha Pura in Sri Lanka.
Heritages & Landmarks Religious Sites Historical Sites
Saw Mon Hla Pagoda

Saw Mon Hla Pagoda

Saw Mon Hla Pagoda is located in Sel Leun village near Muse - Nan Khan road. This pagoda was built in 1933 in Sel Leun village; native of Queen Saw Mon Hla who was the daughter of Chieftain Sel Leun Setsagphonepha and Queen of the famous king Anawrahta of Bagan.
Historical Sites Religious Sites
Seddana Pagoda

Seddana Pagoda

Seddana Pagoda is a pagoda on the medieval Sinhalese design, has a bell-shaped dome on a circular base. This large, bell-shaped pagoda is set on four square terraces, each fronted by a standing Buddha image in brick-and-stucco. On each side of the terraces, at the base of the pagoda, there are 39 images of elephants making a total of 156 elephants.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Seinnyet Sisiters Temple

Seinnyet Sisiters Temple

Said to have been built by Seinnyet Queen in the 11th Century AD. But the design appears to belong to the later Myanmar style of 13th Century. It is a square temple with four entrances through projecting porches, the main one facing west.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites Religious Sites
Shin Arahan Oakkyaung Monastery

Shin Arahan Oakkyaung Monastery

This monastery was built at a place called “Hnget Pyit Taung” where the monk could reside in peace and harmony. The monastery was a complex of a wooden building and a brick structure.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites Museum
Shin Izza Gawna Temple

Shin Izza Gawna Temple

Shin Izza Gawna Temple is a two-storey monument. Shin Izza Gawna was the name of a powerful monk during the Bagan period who brought wealth to everyone in Bagan. There are stone inscriptions about describing the donor and the donation of the land and temple.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Shin Mahtee Temple

Shin Mahtee Temple

Shin Mahtee Temple is a square-based monument. There is a small entrance hall in front of the inner hall. On the south and north sides of the temple are six windows, on each side. Inside the main hall lies a sitting Buddha Image at the height of 7ft (2m). Most parts of the ceilings are covered with mural paintings of the ancient time.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Shin Pyu Shin Hla Pagoda

Shin Pyu Shin Hla Pagoda

Shin Pyu Shin Hla Pagoda, 123ft (37m) in height was built by the powerful King Mani Sithu of Bagan, in AD 1095. It received its name from the fact that two images of the Buddha, called Shin Pyu and Shin Hla respectively, were interned in the pagoda by this king.
Historical Sites Religious Sites
Shitthaung Pagoda (Shite-thaung Temple)

Shitthaung Pagoda (Shite-thaung Temple)

Shitthaung or “temple of the 80,000 Buddhas” is located about half a mile to the north of the palace site and it was built by Minbargyi, one of the most powerful kings of the Mrauk U Dynasty. It is an ancient temple in Mrauk U of northern Rakhine State, Myanmar.
Historical Sites Religious Sites
Shwe Ba Hill

Shwe Ba Hill

Shwe Ba Hill, just beyond Pho Win Hill in Monywa, features unique pavilions cut from the surrounding sandstone and filled with plain Buddha images. It is on the west bank of Chindwin River. There, temples and caves are curved out of volcanic rocks and inside walls of some caves are decorated with 13th Century / 18th Century mural paintings.
Religious Sites Sightseeing Historical Sites
Shwe Bo

Shwe Bo

Shwe Bo is located 64 miles (103km) north of Mandalay on the motor and railroad to Myitkyina. Shwe Bo was the native town of King Alaungpaya, the founder of the Kone Baung Dynasty. He fought against the rule of the Mon Monarchy in 1752, and his dynasty lasted over two centuries.
Historical Sites City & Town
Shwe Bo Aung Myay

Shwe Bo Aung Myay

Located at Shwe Bo, 64 miles (103km) north of Mandalay on the motor and railroad to MyitkyinaIt, it is supposedly the spot used by King Alaungpaya as a staging point before going into battles. Even to this day people believe it to be victorious starting spot.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Shwe Kyat Yet Pagoda

Shwe Kyat Yet Pagoda

Shwe Kyat Yet Pagoda lies on Shwe Kyat Yet Hill in Sagaing Region, also known as Mandagiri while embryo Buddha was reborn as a rooster king in his early incarnation. It is said to be one of the 84,000 pagodas built by King Thiri Dhamma Thawka in 218 BC.
Sightseeing Religious Sites Historical Sites
Shwe Laik Tu Temple

Shwe Laik Tu Temple

Shwe Laik Tu Temple was built during the 13th Century. It is located in the southwest part of Wetkyi-Inn Village. Inside the temple, there are some remains of the ancient mural paintings of Bagan period.
Historical Sites Religious Sites
Shwe Nat Taung Pagoda (Shwe Taung)

Shwe Nat Taung Pagoda (Shwe Taung)

Shwe Nat Taung Pagoda means ‘Golden Spirit Mountain’. This pagoda dates back to the Sriksetra era. Legend takes it back all the way to 283 BC, from which it was reconstructed by a long range of Myanmar kings with the aid of local nats (spirits). A large pagoda festival is held every year on the full moon of Tabaung (February/March).
Historical Sites People Tribes Religious Sites Sightseeing
Shwe Tha Lyaung Reclining Buddha

Shwe Tha Lyaung Reclining Buddha

Built by the Mon tribe in 994. This big Buddha was restored several times but was overgrown by the jungle after the total destruction of Bago in 1757. The 55m long and 16m high reclining Buddha is well known in Bago.
Historical Sites Religious Sites
Shwe U Min Pagoda

Shwe U Min Pagoda

Set inside a natural cave dripping with golden Buddha statues, Shwe U Min Pagoda is about half a mile south-west of the Kalaw Market.
Cave Religious Sites Historical Sites
Shwe Yan Pyay Monastery

Shwe Yan Pyay Monastery

The Shwe Yan Pyay Monastery, just outside Nyaung Shwe, is a fascinating wooden monastery built in the early 19th Century. It is a very interesting red painted teak wood building with oval windows, and richly decorated with mosaics and golden ornaments.
Traveler Choice Religious Sites Historical Sites
Shwe-Gyu-Gyi (Old Bagan)

Shwe-Gyu-Gyi (Old Bagan)

The temple itself is quite lovely with it's own walled courtyard and a perfect location that enables you to see many of the other nearby temples and pagodas that encircle it. You really do feel like you're in the heart of things. Some great shots to be taken. The inside is in realtively good shape and of interest.
Religious Sites Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks Sightseeing
Shwebon Yadana Mingala Palace (Shwebo)

Shwebon Yadana Mingala Palace (Shwebo)

The number of Red and Gold buildings in the Palace of Shwe Bo are less complete than that of Mandalay Palace. Still it's a fascinating place to viist
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Shwedagon Pagoda

Shwedagon Pagoda

The city's biggest tourist attraction & one of the wonders of Asia. This immense Buddhist shrine was built approx. 2500 years ago. Shwedagon Pagoda is covered with hundreds of gold plates and the top of the stupa is encrusted with 4531 diamonds; the largest of which is a 72 carat diamond. Shwedagon Pagoda is a repository of the best in Myanmar heritage – architecture, sculpture and arts. To understand this monumental work of art and architecture, visitors will experience an insider's view of this magnificent symbol of Buddhism to the lives of the Myanmar people.
Historical Sites Religious Sites Traveler Choice Activities Sightseeing Heritages & Landmarks
Shwegugale Pagoda

Shwegugale Pagoda

Extremely mouldy and old-looking but beautiful is the Shwegugale Pagoda. Unlike any temples, the stupa is a really a circular tunnel where 64 Buddha statues are kept. The pagoda dates to 1494 and the reign of Myanmar King Byinnya Yan.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Shweinbin Monastery

Shweinbin Monastery

Shweinbin Monastery is located at the southwest corner of Mandalay City. This attractive monastery built in traditional Myanmar architecture is one of the few buildings that have survived the test of time. Constructed in 1895 by Chinese merchants, the monastery consists of many impressive woodcarvings and also contains a number of admirable works of art.
Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Shwekyimyin Pagoda

Shwekyimyin Pagoda

Shwekyimyin Pagoda was built by King Min Shin Saw, situated in the heart of the town. In the temple is enshrined the origninal Buddha image consecrated by the King himself. The great attraction of this pagoda is the collection of these statues and images made all of valuable jewels and precious stones and traditionally worshipped by royal family.
Historical Sites Religious Sites
Shwemawdaw Pagoda

Shwemawdaw Pagoda

The Shwemawdaw or "Great Golden God Pagoda" of Bago has been growing for more than 1000 years. The Shwemawdaw Pagoda whose spire can be seen behind its impressive entrance portal, was originally built by the Mon to a height to 23 meters in the 8th Century and was rebuilt higher several times until it finally reached its present 114 meter stature in 1954.
Historical Sites Religious Sites Heritages & Landmarks
Shwemokhtaw Pagoda

Shwemokhtaw Pagoda

Shwemokhtaw Pagoda is situated at the center of Pathein, the capital city of Ayeyarwaddy Region. It was originally founded by King Asoka of India in 306 BC as a small spire, its height was increased by various kings. Raising the height of a pagoda always involved encompassing the smaller spire with a bigger one, and never, to destroy the original.
Religious Sites Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites
Shwenandaw Kyaung (Teak Temple)
It is one of the most unique eye-catching of all the monasteries/temples in South East Asia. This intricately teak-crafted world heritage site was first built to serve as the royal apartments for King Mindon, but later converted into a Buddhist Monastery. Why? The then-ruler, King Thibaw transformed this building into a monastery, believing it to be haunted by his father, King Mindon’s spirit. Due to its removal and rebuilding on a new site in late 18th century as a monastery, it was the only building to have remained intact during the raid of Mandalay in WWII. 100 years-old teak-carvings, depicting past life stories of the Buddha were chiseled in the panels which adorn the inside and outside of the main building. No entrance fee is required.
Historical Sites Traveler Choice Sightseeing Heritages & Landmarks City & Town
Shwesandaw Pagoda (Old Bagan)
This is the place that everyone talks about going to watch the sunrise and the sunset in Bagan, and it’s hard to argue why. The panoramic view from this pagoda is purely majestic, breathtaking and one of the best in Asia. But the steep climb to the top that’s not for the faint of heart! King Anawrahta, founder of first Burmese Kingdom, built Shwesandaw Pagoda after his conquest of then Mon Capital, Thaton.
Traveler Choice Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks Religious Sites Sightseeing
Shwesettaw Pagoda (Minbu)

Shwesettaw Pagoda (Minbu)

A pair of Buddha's Footprints are located in Settawya, a forest retreat at 34 miles (55km) distant west of Minbu on the opposite bank of Magway. The Footprints are well preserved and shrines were constructed neatly. The site is on the Mann Creek.
Religious Sites Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks Traveler Choice
Shwethalyaung Buddha

Shwethalyaung Buddha

It is a reclining Buddha in the west side of Bago (Pegu), Burma (Myanmar). The Buddha, which has a length of 55 m (180 ft) and a height of 16 m (52 ft), is the second largest Buddha in the world, after the 74 m reclining Buddha in Dawei (Tavoy). The Buddha is believed to have been built in 994, during the reign of Mon King Migadepa.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Shwezigon Pagoda (Nyaung U & Wetkyi-in)
Considered to be the most significant monument for then- newly found Theravada Buddhism in Bagan, Shwezigon is very popular among local travellers and monks. Tourists normally says this pagoda is very similar the “Shwedagon of Yangon”, but make no mistakes, it was built way earlier than the Yangon’s jewel. Grand and majestic, Its graceful bell shape became a prototype for virtually all later pagodas all over Myanmar. It was first commenced by King Anawrahta and later completed by his successor, King Kyanzittha. It narrowly misses our top 3 due to lack of its architecture value and distinct history.
Historical Sites Heritages & Landmarks Religious Sites Sightseeing
Sin Swan Temple

Sin Swan Temple

U Tun Kyaw and his wife Mi Taw built Sin Swan Temple in 1900. This temple had ivories decorated with beautiful festoon. There are ten large ivories and the Buddha images inside the temple.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Sinmyarshin Temple

Sinmyarshin Temple

Sinmyarshin Temple is a two-storey building consisting of an entrance hall and the main hall on the lower level. The main hall has two Buddha images, each facing east and west.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Sinphyushin Temple

Sinphyushin Temple

Sinphyushin Temple was built by King Thihathu or Sinphyushin of Pinya. It is a cave-type Indian-style based monument. There is also an upper level. The inner walls of the temple are full of ancient mural paintings.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
St Matthew's Church

St Matthew's Church

An abandoned church in Mawlamyine - also known as "little England" and the capital of British Burma from 1826 to 1852. Build in the late 18 hundreds, and abandoned, it pays testament to the former colonial time in Burma/Myanmar.
Church Historical Sites Religious Sites
Sulamani Guphaya Temple (Minnanthu)
This red-brick temple is often left behind by the tourists. But this hidden treasure, Sulamani represents some of Bagan's finest ornamental work which are carved stucco on mouldings, pediments and pilasters Built by King Narapatisithu, the interior face of the temple wall was once lined with a hundred monastic cells, a feature unique among Bagan?s ancient monasteries. Guphaya means small ruby and the name goes well with the place.
Sightseeing Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites Religious Sites
Taukkyan War Cemetery

Taukkyan War Cemetery

Taukkyan War Cemetery is in Taukkyan town in the township of Mingaladon, Yangon greater area, on the main highway No 1 Pyay Road. From the centre of the city of Yangon, it is 21 miles north and 11 miles from the international airport, 45 minutes drive from the centre of Rangoon and 24 minutes from the International airport. Exact location of the cemetery is North (17º02'08.24") and East (96º07'55.28").
Historical Sites Traveler Choice
Thabyedan Fort

Thabyedan Fort

Just to the left of Inwa bridge. on the Mandalay and Inwa side. is the fort of Thabyedan which was built as a last ditch defense by the Myanmar before the third Anglo-Myanmar war.
Historical Sites
Thanboddhay Paya

Thanboddhay Paya

Thanboddhay Paya is slightly Disneylandesque, in a Burmese style. Well, perhaps that's a bit harsh, but there's certainly a kitsch theme park vibe to this popular attraction roughly halfway to the super gigantic standing Buddha (Bodhi Tataung) from Monywa. The compound is a series of garishly painted buildings, but the main attraction (admission US$3 for foreigners) supposedly houses in excess of 500,000 Buddha images. Yes, you read that number right -- half a million. Plenty of chedis too! Built in 1939 and completed in 1952, Thanboddhay Paya remains an active place of worship and you'll come across devotees throughout the place. It is also the site of a temple festival in November each year. The vast number of icons are photogenic and stopping here conveniently breaks the journey from Monywa to Bodhi Tataung. Once you're done, push on to what was, for a period, the tallest standing image of Buddha in the world, Bodhi Tataung. It is absolutely colossal. When we arrived in Monywa we knew nothing of Bodhi Tataung and it was only when inspecting an upper floor room at Hotel Chindwin that we spied its sparkling edifice in the distance. When we asked, the staffer told us it was, “The almost tallest Buddha in the world!” So of course we checked it out. It's the almost-tallest Buddha in the world, but also home to an enormous reclining Buddha, and thousands of Buddha images in the surrounding area. While it's easy to turn your nose up at the site being a “new money monument”, at the rate both the standing and reclining Buddha are ageing, they'll look like ruins in a few more years. Up close and personal.
Historical Sites Religious Sites Activities Sightseeing
Thanbyuzayat War Cemetry &  Death Railway Museum
Pay your respects to fallen soldiers at WWII cemetary in Thanbyuzayat (60 kilometers south of Mawlamyine) which contains 4000 graves of Allied forces who died while building infamous Death Railway. The Burma Railway, also known as the Death Railway, the Thailand-Burma Railway and similar names, was a 415 kilometres (258 mi) railway between Bangkok, Thailand, and Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar), built by the Empire of Japan during World War II, to support its forces in the Burma campaign. Thanbyuzayat War Cemetary and Museum is the place where ANZAC day services are held in Myanmar. Although it is not as popular as Turkey’s Gallipoli, a fair number of Australians do make the pilgrimage here during this time. The magnificent grounds of the Thanbyuzayat War Cemetry is located 1km from Thanbyuzayat’s main town center on the road to Kyaikkami and Setse. It is established on land that was donated by the Burmese people to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission to honour those who died in the construction of the Burma-Siam “Death Railway” in World War II.
City & Town Museum Heritages & Landmarks Traveler Choice Historical Sites
Thandwe

Thandwe

It is a town and major seaport in Rakhine State, the westernmost part of Myanmar. Thandwe is very ancient, and is said to have been at one time the capital of Rakhine State, then called Arakan. The district has an area of 3,784 square miles (9,800 km2). The country is mountainous, the Arakan Mountains sending out spurs which reach the coast. Some of the peaks in the north attain 4,000 and more ft. The streams are only mountain torrents to within a few miles of the coast; the mouth of the Khwa forms a good anchorage for vessels of from 9 to 10 ft (3.0 m). draught. The rocks in the Arakan Range and its spurs are metamorphic, and comprise clay, slates, ironstone and indurated sandstone; towards the south, ironstone, trap and rocks of basaltic character are common; veins of steatite and white fibrous quartz are also found. The rainfall in 1905 was 23-49 in. Except a few acres of tobacco, all the cultivation is rice.
Historical Sites City & Town People Tribes
Thatbyinnyu Temple (Nyaung U & Wetkyi-In)
Towering above the other monuments of Bagan, this temple is famous for being the tallest in Bagan and its neat brickwork, which is so carefully done that a knife blade can’t pass between the bricks. Unfortunately, an earthquake years ago made the structure unstable, so climbing up the temple is now prohibited. The temple is visible from nearly every vantage point around Bagan. Try this out. No matter which angle you aim through your camera, it will always give you a perfect host.
Traveler Choice Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites Religious Sites Sightseeing
Thiho Shin Pagoda

Thiho Shin Pagoda

Thiho Shin is one of the most famous pagodas in Pakokku, built by King Alaungsithu. The pagoda contains an image presented by the King of Ceylon some 800 years ago and the image is one of the most revered in Myanmar. Thiho Shin pagoda festival is held from 8th waxing day to 10th waxing day of Nayon every year.
Historical Sites Religious Sites
Umin Koese Pagoda

Umin Koese Pagoda

Umin Koese Pagoda is situated on the Sagaing Hills. It was built by King Mingaung of Inwa. Umin Koese in Myanmar language means 90 cave Pagoda. This Pagoda was originally named Sinpho- hlai Pagoda.
Religious Sites Historical Sites
Umin Thonse Pagoda

Umin Thonse Pagoda

Umin Thonse Pagoda is situated on Sagaing Hills. Umin Thonse' means 30 Caves Pagoda. It was built by venerable monk named Padugyi Thangayaza (though the date was variously given as A.D. 687, 1005,1050,1085. 45 Buddha images sit in a crescent-shaped colonnade within the pagoda.
Historical Sites Religious Sites Religious Sites Historical Sites
Win Sein Taw Ya, Mudon
It is the site of the largest reclining Buddha image in the world and located in the middle of Mawlamyine (20km) and Thanbyuzayat (40km). After almost 15 years of construction, the reclining Buddha is still not complete. In 2012, construction started on a second reclining Buddha opposite the original, with the aim of being built to stand the test of time. The poor concrete construction of the first has left the original with an uncertain future .
Traveler Choice Religious Sites Heritages & Landmarks Historical Sites

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